Nature of the consultancy: To serve as the primary focal point between IOM and the firm carrying out the research aimed to inform stabilization and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) initiatives in Somalia. To provide subject matter expertise on Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) for SSI/Dalbile and ensure the design and execution of the research are carried out according to the work plan. To review all deliverables submitted by the research firm, verifying these are in line with agreed upon requirements and provide corrective measures if necessary. To report on a regular basis to IOM SSI and IOM DDR on the progress of the research and closely coordinate with IOM during the duration of the implementation of the activity. To coordinate with the research team in holding training sessions on the findings and recommendations for key stakeholders to ensure dissemination of research findings and their programmatic utility.
Rationale for the Research: Following the establishment of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGoS) in 2012, the country is experiencing increased political stability and engagement with international partners. Despite these gains in the political arena, the security situation remains highly volatile and continues to challenge operations in Somalia.
In 2012, the FGoS identified the issue of disengagement of combatants from violent extremist groups as an area of concern. Together with partners, including the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the FGoS embarked on a process to develop the “National Program on the Treatment and Handling of Disengaged Combatants and Youth at Risk” (National Program). Its objective is to establish a comprehensive process that allows for low-risk ex-combatants to reintegrate in communities and become productive citizens.
Although the National Program has made notable progress towards understanding and standardizing the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) processes in Somalia, limited research studies have created information gaps that decrease the efficacy of existing humanitarian and political responses. Specifically, previous DDR research studies have: 1.) largely focused on qualitative data collection and excluded quantitative, providing no statistically significant data or pattern/trend analysis; 2.) been limited to a few locations such as Mogadishu, Baidoa, and Kismayo; 3.) targeted male respondents, giving inadequate attention to female stakeholders and other important actors. Addressing these information gaps through the collection, analysis and dissemination of statistically significant and representative data will support targeted programming towards the prevention and countering of violent extremism (P/CVE).