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Position titleLivelihood and Protection Impact Assessment
Place of performanceAden, Yemen
Start date15/11/2018
Durationup to 2 months (@22days/month)
QualificationMaster's degree in Development, social study, International Development, Development Economics/Planning, Economics, International Relations or any other relevant university degree.
Sector experienceMinimum of 5 years of demonstrable relevant Governance experience and/or minimum of 5 years of demonstrable relevant Institution Development & Capacity Building experience.
Geographical experienceMinimum of 5 years of experience in Middle East (essential).
LanguageFluency in English is essential.
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Job description

CTG OverviewCTG stands for Committed To Good. With an ethical approach at the heart of all that we do, it is a description that makes us proud. Respect for the fundamental human rights of our staff, and those our staff encounter, is a cornerstone of our values. We strive for gender equality, inclusion and diversity, providing fair and equal opportunities for all. We take a zero tolerance approach to corruption and stay true to local labour laws and all local statutory requirements.
In operation since 2006, today we are honoured to serve clients in 15 fragile and conflict-affected states assisting with disaster relief, peace building, humanitarian aid and development programmes through our specialised recruitment, HR management and operational services.
Overview of position
More than two million people are internally displaced in Yemen. Displacement is becoming increasingly protracted as an estimated 89% of the IDPs have been displaced for one year or more.76% of IDPs are women and children. 44% remain displaced within their governorate of origin. IDPs in Yemen originate mainly from Taizz, Lahj, and Al Hudaydah governorates, and are fleeing to Taizz, Aden, and Lahj, which together host 80% of IDPs. The recent upsurge in Al Hudaydah has further attributed to displacement to Aden and Lahj. The protracted crisis not only simmered political conflict, but gradually social and economic front has also become visible. The conflict assessment conducted in 2017 under the ongoing Yemen Stabilization project (YSP) highlights that; water, land grabbing and occupation of government buildings by armed groups are major conflicts which affect the communities in general including host and returnees. Further, the political legitimacy and power struggle within southern region has deepen despite a collective movement to overthrow the northern establishment. The market assessment conducted in 2017(by YSP) shows that the unemployment rates among women and youth Aden and nearby districts are very high. The conflict has led in the lack of production of crop, livestock rearing, fish production and supply to local markets. The livelihoods of majority of rural households engaged in crop and livestock production have been impacted. Reduced operating hours and private sector layoffs, coupled with unpaid salaries for some 30% of the population in the public-sector employment, have affected income and decreased purchasing power. The ongoing conflict and power struggle in the south has also resulted into the collapse of basic services and the institutions that provided critical services to the affected people. Protracted crisis, decline in macro-economic indicators and followed by the liquidity, inflation, disruption of operational budgets and salary payment in public sector institutions have contributed to this collapse. Southern region has also increasingly becoming a hotspot of susceptible to disease outbreaks; such as cholera, diarrhea and diphtheria. As per the recent humanitarian bulletin updates, July 2018, only 50% of health facilities are now functional and rest either is partial or nonfunctional. Crippled public health and WaSH systems has contributed to the unprecedented scale of the 2017 cholera outbreak, which followed by a rapidly spreading suspected diphtheria outbreak attributed to low vaccination coverage. Only half of the health facilities are function, and even these faces severe shortage of medicines, storages, equipment, access to energy, and staff. Negative coping mechanisms affecting children include increased household borrowing and rising rates of child marriage. Recruitment of children and youths into armed forces and groups have been reported widely. Women and girls are disproportionately subject to various forms of gender-based violence (GBV), including sexual violence, domestic violence, forced and child marriages, denial of resources and psychological and emotional abuse, The GBV information management system reported a 36% rise in GBV incidents in 2017, but many cases are unreported. Migrants and refugees transiting through Yemen are in a particularly vulnerable position and southern region is becoming the center stage for the above due to access to sea routes. Migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers are increasingly subject to extortion, trafficking, abuse, and sexual violence. They are also at risk of being deported, many of them on boats operated by smugglers. The Muhamasheen minority (Arabic for 'marginalised'), that constitute around 10% of the population, are in high need of humanitarian assistance. The cities most affected by conflict – such as Aden, Taizz and Al Hudaydah – had large concentrations of Muhamasheen and many have been internally displaced. The recent conflict in Al Hudaydah has further burdened the Muhamasheen as they continue to live in abandoned buildings, make-shift tents and public spaces. They are reportedly turned away by schools and hospitals, and have difficulty accessing aid from humanitarian organisations due to discrimination. In summary, as a political solution to end the war and to rebuild shattered country appears still a distant dream, however, quick impact solutions need to protect and empower local actors to mitigate disruptions to livelihoods and services, improved access to energy, prevent the reoccurrence of conflict and create enabling environment for longer term recovery and reconstruction. The ongoing stabilization programme in the south is a multifaceted approach, addressing the socio-economic needs of vulnerable communities as well as their physical security and enable them to uphold their rights. The Yemen Stabilization Project phase I aimed building on the foundations laid by the achievements of humanitarian aid in the Southern Region; Aden Governorate. The project approach focused on the analysis of the immediate post-conflict vulnerabilities and their differentiated impacts on women, men, boys and girls, and has incorporated planning for transition to longer-term recovery and development. A series of rapid assessments in 2015 conducted and updated with a human security situation tool in 2016 identifying immediate priorities affecting the resilience of communities and affected populations. Our client launched the above intervention to support the poor livelihood conditions households in post conflict which have increased the rate of poverty and have created extra burdens on the house holds who suffers enormously provide dayday basic needs to their family members. The project targeted most vulnerable in Aden Governorate supporting their Livelihoods opportunities, protection mechanisms and knowledge production applied, in which vocational training and small in-kind grants to create micro-businesses in programme areas were provided to beneficiaries. The project also provide protection means, capacity building and psychosocial support to those who were traumatized due to conflict. Both activities were built on knowledge production created before launching the activity to specify the intervention and learn gaps and chances for effective interventions to support the community. Approximately 179,598 indirect beneficiaries benefited from provided services as well as 390 beneficiaries beneficiated directly through grants for micro businesses creation. In addition, entrepreneurial skills were improved for 420 beneficiaries (of which 210 were female) through vocational training and tool kits and linkage with providers of financial services and training services. Given the complexity of the security situation, our client conducted 3 Stabilization Needs Opportunity and Engagement Assessment (SNOEA) on infrastructure damage and conflict in the south, through the stabilization programme, in which the capacities of 30 local communities and civil society were enhanced on conflict analysis & drivers of conflict. 390 beneficiaries (50% female) were selected out of the trained 420 beneficiaries & were supported through business grants improving their livelihoods & reintegration to the society.

The key achievements attributed to the project include the following:
· Rapid integrated assessments conducted in the targeted areas as an initial entry point for the identification of community stabilisation needs and priorities.
· 420 beneficiaries (50% were women) benefitted from vocational and business skill development and 390 received micro business opportunities through the project grant provision
· 100 justice providers were trained on protection means and psychosocial support in order to be part of the protection network
· 500 beneficiaries received psychosocial sessions
· 3 safe space created to host individual sessions
· 3 community initiatives selected to initiate protection initiatives
· Protection network established and a networking app linking stakeholders was created

Lessons learned
The lessons learned from earlier stabilization efforts in Aden and the changing situation on the ground demands for a more inclusive, community-based and community-driven as well as sustainable initiatives that support security and stability.
Community perception surveys proved that communities of Aden felt broader economic interventions along with provision of livelihoods not only for target piloting groups but also unemployed youth and at-risk groups need to be carried out to have a trickle effect of stimulating the rural economy, promoting community security and contributing to the stability of the affected communities, all of which have fed into the project design of phase II. Our client is seeking for a consultant for livelihood and protection assessment under YSP intervention to support the team understand the changes (if any) took place against the baseline parameters and how better future programming can be shaped based on the findings of the assessment.

Role objectives
The objective of the consultancy is to assess the livelihood and protection intervention under the framework of PVE (prevention of violent extremism). The sample size should not be less than 25%) under both the components and should capture the intended and unintended impacts in the target districts of Aden.

To achieve the above objective, a consultant will be hired. The assignment will be based on quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis. The assessment will incorporate two key elements in designing; Economic benefits- skill building and development, business selection based on market viability, business and advisory support provision, access to capital, market opportunities, financial rate of return (FRR), employment/income/profit, utilization of income, credit/debit status, scale up opportunities, networking and linkages with market centers, supply and demand volume, pricing index, financial risks and continuity and opportunity cost. Social benefits impact such as utilization of income as alternative opportunities and reduction in the engagement to violence extremism. Gender profile of the sample will be developed and analysed from PVE lens. The assessment will also capture as to whether increased women’s mobility due to conflict and their engagement livelihood and protection activities has helped in reducing their vulnerabilities or not relate to GBV/protection. The samples will compose of control and treatment to compare the changes and impact in project and non-project support provided to the targeted beneficiaries in the same target locations. Data collection tool, processing and analysis will be based on digital platform method such as Kobotoolbox/Mobenzi where technical team of our client and consultant will have equal access during the assignment period. The assessment framework will be developed on the digital platform including survey questionnaire and other tools. The consultant will hire enumerators team to collect the data using the digital platform. Our client will have access to the data platform from the beginning of the collection so that timely input can be provided if needed for survey and quality of information collection. The data collection will include voice and video recording of focused group discussion, key informant interviews and testimonies and that will be uploaded on the digital platform. The secondary and primary data will be presented to our client team for a review. Data processing and analysis will be done after the feedback on data collection is approved by our client. The consultant will also collect high quality visuals and videos (selected) from sample focus group discussion/interviews. The consultant will organize workshops (2) at Aden level. The first workshop will be for the presentation of raw data. The second workshop will be an opportunity for the consultant to present the final draft report of the assessment. All the workshops will be organized in our client premises. For the first two workshops, our client and consultant will participate for the review and feedback. Second workshop will be organized by the consultant validate the assessment report. Implementing partner, relevant agencies; INGOs, cluster members, stakeholders and targeted beneficiaries will participate, and their feedback will be incorporated into the report before the submission to our client. Dataset should be in English at the digital platform as well as submission to our client should be in English. Our client will have the copyright of the dataset collected through the digital platform.
Scope and key tasks of the consultancy
  • Review livelihood market and conflict analysis conducted during the beginning of the project implementation.
  • Develop assessment framework for economic and social benefits to capture the impact in control and treatment areas
  • Develop assessment tools, FGD, survey, KII etc to implement the assessment.
  • Digitization of assessment framework on kobotoolbox/mobenzi once our client approves the framework
  • Desk review of existing secondary data; final reports, assessments reports produced by implanting partners and our client.
  • Develop and finalize data collection tools; survey questionnaire, KII, FGDs and testimonies
  • Hire enumerators and training on data collection using digital platform
  • Field visits for data collection and storage on digital platform; quantitative, visuals and videos
  • Organization of workshops (3) for raw data presentation, draft report and final report.
  • Submission of final report and dataset, visuals and videos.
Expected key deliverable
1. An inception report, outlining the key scope of the work and intended work plan of the analysis, and evaluation questions, shall be submitted after one week of commencing the consultancy. The evaluator will prepare an inception report which will outline the scope of work, intended work plan and analysis.
The inception report will provide key stakeholders the opportunity to verify that they share the same understanding about the assessment objectives. The inception report should clearly layout the detail methodology as per the guidance provided in the methodology section above. The inception report should include a proposed schedule of tasks, activities and deliverables, designating a team member with the lead responsibility for each task or product. Inception report should also provide structure of the table of content of the final assessment report and this will be discussed and approved by our client.
Our client will provide its feedback within a week.
2. First draft report: A draft report that will be presented by the consultant and shared with our client's team for its feedback and input. Draft report presentation will be made by the consultant in a workshop.
Our client will provide comments within a week soon after the submission of the draft report. The draft report should be submitted after 4 weeks of inception report. The consultant will need also to present the raw data and our client will provide feedback and approve as well.
3. The Final Report: This will be submitted after two weeks of draft report submission and feedback will be provided to the consultant through the final workshop. Consultant needs to submit the report soon after two weeks of the final workshop and hand over the dataset on kobotoolbox.

Project reporting
Project Manager
Key competenciesThe consultants are expected to have the following expertise and experience:
-Masters’ degree in development, social study, International Development, Development Economics/Planning, Economics, International Relations or any other relevant university degree;
-At least 5 years of experience in assessment and evaluation related to
institutions/governance/social cohesion in Yemen or in the Middle east.
-A minimum experience of 5 years of work proven experience at national or international level in governance, institution building, service delivery, and capacity building, monitoring and evaluation aspects in crisis settings.

Functional Skills:
• Strong leadership, communication and interpersonal skills;
• Excellent organizational skills;
• Excellent English writing skills
• Ability to take professional photographs.
• Strong oral and written communication skills - use of simple and clear language;
• Demonstrated ability to work in a team (strong task management);
• Ability to work under pressure and in a politically sensitive environment;
• Demonstrated cultural sensitiveness and sound judgment;
• Proven success in working collaboratively with a number of different stakeholders;
• Strong capacity for data collection and analysis, as well as report writing
Core Competencies:
• Demonstrating/safeguarding ethics and integrity
• Demonstrate corporate knowledge and sound judgment
• Self-development, initiative-taking
• Acting as a team player and facilitating team work
• Facilitating and encouraging open communication in the team, communicating effectively
• Learning and sharing knowledge and encourage the learning of others. Promoting learning and knowledge management/sharing is the responsibility of each staff member.
Team management
To be advised
Further information
Scope of Service Price and Schedule of Payments
The contract payment will be lump sum based according to three suggested milestones: 
20% of the contract value upon submission and approval of Inception Report.
30% First draft of the evaluation.
50% Final draft of evaluation submitted along with assessment data.

Proposed Work Plan and Approach (methodology)
The consultants should submit a clear methodology for the required task according to the following points as outlined in the beginning of the document section on methodology, scope of the work and key tasks.

The consultants should provide detail of the team composition and their roles and responsibilities.
It is also advisable to have team leaders for each operational governorate who will be in direct contact with our client's technical specialists and field coordinator.
It is expected that:
- our client's Yemen LHS project will provide the overall strategic guidance and decision-making for the exercise to the Team Lead, in consultation with LHS Project manager;
- The consultants provide overall leadership, strategic framing of the exercise, including development of the methodology, relevant and necessary tools, and provide guidance and oversight for data collection. S/he will set up the necessary team of national experts in place to carry out the data collection at field level. S/he will lead the overall analysis and produce the consolidated reports, with the findings and recommendations, and will lead the consultations with our client Yemen LHS Project Team. S/he will report to our client's Yemen LHS Project Team; - The field officers will carry out the necessary field level data collection and analysis, under the leadership of the international Team Lead;

Evaluation Criteria
  • Relevant Education 20%
  • Relevant Experience as explained above 20%
  • Interview result 60%