|Overview of position|
Research and advisory services on durable solutions to displacement in Mogadishu to officials of the Durable Solutions Unit (DSU) of Banadir Regional Administration (BRA).
Objective: Our client's RDS unit intends to hire a National Consultant (Political Economy Analyst) in Mogadishu to facilitate political economy analysis (PEA) and stakeholders mapping to inform durable solutions planning of BRA DSU, other development and humanitarian actors. The analysis is envisaged to provide a better picture of the scale, characteristics, factors, actors, structures, interests, risks, challenges, opportunities and political economy dimensions of displacement in Mogadishu. The PEA will provide sound analytical framework and evidence-based recommendations that our client, DSU and aid partners can use to reflect throughout their planning and implementation stages.
Target: The political economy analysis will equip the government, BRA leadership and decision-makers with the information they need to make informed decisions on durable solutions as well as to engage IDPs and related stakeholders effectively. With deeper understanding of the context, and ability to use the analysis generated through the PEA, solutions aimed at ending protracted displacement would be translated into realities.
2. Client Project to which the Consultancy is contributing: RDS, DFID Funded Danwadaag Programme on “Enhancing conditions for durable solutions for IDPs and returning refugees in Somalia”.
- Scoping the general context and environmental implications for durable solutions
- Examine the geographic characteristics with particular focus on IDP settlements, districts, original areas of displacement, travel mode and how settlements were/are created.
- Facilitate interventions scoping to identify the main IDP programmes in Mogadishu, understand the portfolio of programmes by humanitarian actors and donors including priority themes/sectors, amount of funding allocated per theme/sector and the major successes, challenges and opportunities available.
- Conduct an evidence based investigation of the major drivers of displacement in Mogadishu; distance of the settlements to the city; security situation of current settlements; relations between IDPs and host community; access to justice, information, protection, transport, shelter, water electricity and social amenities.
- Gather and analyse data providing trends and analysis of Mogadishu’s land and housing issues including ownership, pricing, cost-benefit analysis of available IDP housing options in the context of urbanization.
- Assess women and girls’ representation and level of participation in formal leadership structures; conflict resolution; employment opportunities; economic empowerment processes; housing, land and property issues as well as safety and security matters.
- Identification of actors, factors and structures
- Determine the triggers of displacement and forced evictions in Mogadishu.
- Identify the key actors on IDP issues in Mogadishu (e.g. governments, clans, landlords, gatekeepers, NGOs, private sector, host community, etc.). What are the roles and responsibilities of the key actors in relation to the displacement?
- Examine the working relationships between different actors including how Federal Government of Somalia, Local Government, NGOs and donors work together (or not) in regional durable solutions and humanitarian aid.
- Develop a profile of Mogadishu IDPs including gender, livelihoods, coping mechanisms, safety nets, risks and vulnerabilities.
- Ascertain any external factors/actors that have influence in Mogadishu’s displacement dynamics.
- Establish the source of their influence and power as well as interests (political, economic, social etc.) of key actors. What opportunities or risks do they pose to durable solutions programming?
- In addition to gender and age, assess how other factors might lead to significant inequalities and place persons at political and economic risks. These factors may include clan/ethnicity, language, culture, religion, disability, family status and socio-economic status.
- Assessing institutions and coordination mechanisms
- Interrogate the current status of information sharing and collaboration between key stakeholders.
- Isolate examples of successful or failed attempts to harmonize federal and regional policies and systems on IDPs.
- Develop a clearer understanding of the expectations and potential roles of partners and donors.
- Project the Federal, Regional and/or District bodies/actors likely to be involved on durable solutions coordination, planning and implementation. Are there any risks or threats to collaboration on implementation of durable solutions in BRA? What would be the strategies for mitigating these risks/threats?
- Ascertaining legal provisions and policy frameworks
- Interrogate the presence/absence of the provision and enforcement of IDP rights including: civil and political rights, such as the right to freedom of movement, the right to vote and participate in government and public affairs, and economic, social and cultural rights, including the access to livelihoods, means of production, employment, education and health.
- Investigate the level of fulfilment of IDP rights with regards to participation in the planning and management of durable solutions strategies and programs? Do IDPs determine, in light of the specific circumstances of their situation, whether to pursue return, local integration or settlement elsewhere in the country?
- Develop an in-depth understanding of decision making structures, power dynamics, economic implications and whether the rights, needs and legitimate interests of IDPs are the primary considerations guiding all policies and decisions relating to internal displacement and durable solutions in BRA.
- Analyze existing legislative frameworks, laws, strategies and policies in BRA to ascertain legally binding provisions for IDP protection from arbitrary displacement, protection and assistance during displacement, equitable access to employment and participation in economic activities. Where are the gaps, opportunities etc.?
- Identify gaps and opportunities in the legislative and/or policy frameworks to secure the rights of IDPs, to establish effective government structures to coordinate the national and local response, to facilitate provision of humanitarian and development assistance, and to ensure that adequate funding, through national/local authority budgets.
- Proffering recommendations
- Recommend entry points and catalytic approaches for effective delivery of the durable solutions programmes in BRA.
- Recommend key institutions, groups and bodies that would be strategic partners in promoting the durable solutions initiatives in BRA.
- Recommend intervention sequencing – for example, if there is no legal framework, defined roles between FGS and BRA levels, what needs to be put in place first for effective coordination, complementarity etc.?
- Recommend intervention focus for each component of durable solutions programming and priority areas in line with current/projected context and dynamics.
- Recommend options for housing for IDPs. What are the factors to be considered to improve access to housing for IDPs?
- Provide recommendations on the legislative and/or policy frameworks to secure the rights of IDPs, to establish effective government structures to coordinate the national and local response, to facilitate provision of humanitarian and development assistance, and to ensure that adequate funding, through national/local authority budgets.
- Realistic delivery dates and details as to how the work must be delivered.
|Output||Details as to how the work must be delivered||Realistic delivery dates|
|Inception and Assignment Preparation Report||- Contract discussion meeting with DSU/client, agreeing on common understanding of assignment, parameters, deadlines, benchmarks, etc.|
- Preparation of inception report and work plan.
- Desk review/literature review and development of data collection tools.
|30 June 2019|
|Field Work Data and Report||- Training on data collection tools, pre-testing and amendment.|
- Data collection and field work report.
|31 July 2019|
|Analysis and Reporting of Findings||- Data entry, cleaning and analysis.|
- Preparation of draft report.
- PowerPoint presentation of report to DSU, client and relevant partners.
- Revision of draft report, incorporating comments from DSU,client and partners.
- Brief summaries of the key findings and recommendations, presented as short “briefing notes” for rapid digestion by partners and various sectoral focal points in Government, UN and Donor community.
- Submission of final report with recommendations.
|31 August 2019|
- Performance indicators for evaluation of results (value of services rendered in relation to their cost).
Posting Date: 09-06-2019
|Output||Performance indicators||Value of services rendered in relation to their cost|
|Inception and Assignment Preparation Report||- Agreed assignment parameters, work plan and data collection tools.|
- Approval of inception report by BRA DSU and our client.
|Field Work Report||- Representative sample of completed raw data templates and field work report.||40%|
|Analysis and Reporting of Findings||- Endorsement of brief summaries and final political economy analysis report with feasible recommendations by BRA DSU and client.||40%|
Closing Date: 23-06-2019